How bicycling sharing system usage is affected by land use and urban form: analysis from system and user perspectives


Ahmadreza Faghih-Imani*, Naveen Eluru** and Rajesh Paleti***

*Department of Civil Engineering, University of Toronto, 35 St. George St. Toronto, Room 305, ON, M5S 1A4 ,Canada

**Department of Civil, Environmental and Construction Engineering, University of Central Florida, 12800 Pegasus Drive, Room 301D, Orlando, FL 32816,USA
T: 407-823-4815
F: 407-823-3315

***Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Old Dominion University, 135 Kaufman Hall, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
T: 757-683-5670

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There is a rapid growth of bicycle-sharing systems (BSS) around the world. Cities are supporting these systems as a more sustainable transport mode for short trips. Given the relatively recent adoption of BSS, there is substantial interest in understanding how these systems impact urban transportation. In this paper, we examine the functioning of the hugely successful New York City CitiBike system. We focus on the interaction of BSS with land-use and built environment attributes and the influence of weather condition and temporal characteristics on BSS usage. Towards this end, CitiBike system is analyzed along two dimensions: (1) at the system level, we examine the hourly station level arrival and departure rates using a linear mixed model and (2) at the trip level, we investigate users’ destination station choice preferences after they pick up a bicycle from a station employing a random utility maximization approach. The results highlight clear spatial and temporal differences in the usage of CitiBike by users with annual membership and users with temporary passes. Overall, our analysis provides a framework and useful insights for cities that are planning to install a new bicycle sharing system or to expand an existing system.

Keywords: Bicycle-sharing, CitiBike, Destination Choice, Usage, built environment