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de Vries, prof. dr. M.J. (Marc)


Assistant professor of Philosophy  
Marc is affiliate professor in Reformational Philosophy at the 
Faculty Technology, Policy and Management
Delft, University of Technology

Jaffalaan 5
Room b4.250
P.O. Box 5015
2600 GA  Delft
The Netherlands

Telephone:    +31 (0) 15 27 83706



Personal Information

He studied experimental physics at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (Free University Amsterdam) (M.Sc. 1982) and specialized in educational research in physics education. He received his Ph.D. at the Technische Universiteit Eindhoven (Eindhoven University of Technology) in 1988 for a dissertation on “Technology in physics education” (full text available). This study implied a move towards a new specialization: educational research in technology education. In that context he organized international conferences under the title of Pupils' Attitudes Towards Technology (PATT). This name is related to part of his Ph.D. research on the ideas that pupils of 12-13 year age have about technology. This series of conferences still continues (full text of Proceedings available). In 1988 he worked on setting up the new teacher education programme for technology teachers at the Pedagogische Technologische Hogeschool (Pedagogical Technological College) in Eindhoven. Later he became Head of Sub department for this programme. His involvement in the international developments in technology education caused him to be invited for presentations at international conferences and advisory work for organizations such as OECD, Unesco, and the Council of Europe, as well as for universities in various countries (a.o. in Europe, Australia, Chile, Hong Kong, Israel, Taiwan, South-Africa and the USA).

In 1990 he moved to the Eindhoven University of Technology to become assistant professor in the philosophy and methodology of technology, with specialization in design methodology, under professor Andries Sarlemijn. In 1992 he organized an international conference on 'Design Methodology and Relationships with Science' in the context of the NATO Scientific Affairs Programme, together with prof. Nigel Cross (Open University England) and prof. D.P. Grant (California Polytechnic University), both editors of international scholarly journals in the field of design methodology.

From 1995 to 2000 he worked for the Stichting Historie der Techniek (Foundation for the History of Technology) in the Netherlands to write the history of the Philips Natuurkundig Laboratorium (nowadays part of Philips Research).

His move back to philosophy coincided with the appointment of prof. Anthonie Meijers as the successor of Andries Sarlemijn who had died in 1996. Since then his field of specialization is philosophical research into the nature of technological knowledge. This field is related to his previous fields of specialization: transfer of technological knowledge (educational research in technology education), use of technological knowledge in design processes (design methodology), and development of technological knowledge (history of technology). In 2002 he co-organized the international conference 'Technological Knowledge: Philosophical Reflections'.

Meanwhile his work in technology education continues. Marc de Vries is currently the editor-in-chief of the International Journal for Technology and Design Education (published by Kluwer Academic Publishers), and the co-author of a series of Dutch textbooks for technology education in lower secondary education (title of the series: “Technologisch”, i.e. Technological). He co-founded the Dutch Association of Technology Teachers (Dutch abbreviation: VeDoTech).

Since September 1, 2003, Marc is affiliate professor in Reformational Philosophy at the Delft University of Technology.

Secondary employment:
No indication

His publications include:

  • Vries, M.J. de (1988), Techniek in het natuurkunde-onderwijs (Technology in Physics Education; Ph.D. diss.). Eindhoven: EUT.
  • Klerk Wolters, F. de, Raat, J.H. and Vries, M.J. de (1990), 'Assessing students' attitudes towards technology'. In: Layton, D. (ed.), Innovations in science and technology education, Vol. III. Paris: UNESCO.
  • Vries, M.J. de (1991). 'The role of technology as an integrating discipline'. In: Hacker, M., Gordon, A., Vries, M.J. de (Eds.). Integrating advanced technology into technology education. Berlijn/Heidelberg: Springer Verlag.
  • Vries, M.J. de (1991), 'What do Students in Dutch Technology Teacher Programmes Think of Their Subject?' Research in Science & Technological Education, 9(2), 173-179.
  • Sarlemijn, A. and Vries, M.J. de (1992), 'The Piecemeal Rationality of Application-Oriented Research. An Analysis of the R&D-History Leading to the Invention of the Philips Plumbicon in the Philips Research Laboratories'. In: Kroes, P.A. and Bakker, M. (eds.), Technological Development and Science in the Industrial Age. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  • Vries, M.J. de (1993). 'Design methodology and relationships with science: introduction'. In Vries, M.J. de, Cross, N., Grant. D.P. (eds.). Design Methodology and Relationships with Science. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  • Vries, M.J. de (1993), 'The Philips Stirling engine development: a historical-methodological case study into design process dynamics'. Methodology and Science 26, 74-86.
  • Vries, M.J. de (1993). 'Approaches to technology education and the role of advanced educational technologies: an international orientation'. In: Gordon, A, Hacker, M., Vries, (eds.). Advanced Educational Technology in Technology Education. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer Verlag.
  • Vries, M.J. de (1993). 'Technology Education in the Netherlands'. In McCormick, R., Murphy, P., Harrison, M.(eds.). Teaching and learning technology. London: Addison-Wesley.
  • Vries, M.J. de (1994). 'Design process dynamics in an experience-based context: a design methodological analysis of the Brabantia corkscrew development'. Technovation14(7), 437-448.
  • Vries, M.J. de (1994). 'Technology education in Western Europe'. In: Layton, D. (ed.). Innovations in science and technology education. Vol. V. Paris: UNESCO.
  • Vries, M.J. (1994). 'Teacher Education for Technology Education'. In: Galton, M. and Moon, B. (eds.). Handbook of Teacher Training in Europe. Issues and Trends. London: David Fulton Publ. i.c.w. The Council of Europe.
  • Vries, M.J. de (1994), 'Design methodological analyses as a tool for learning about technological developments in industrial settings'. In: Blandow, D. and Dyrenfurth, M.J. (eds.), Technolog education in school and industry. Emerging didactics for human resource development. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer Verlag.
  • Vries, M.J. de (1995), 'Samenspel in kwaliteit; De inbedding van QFD in het geheel van kwaliteitsmethodieken' and . 'Kwantitatieve aspekten van QFD: Zinvol rekenen met QFD' In: Sarlemijn, A. and Boddendijk, H. (eds.), Produkten op maat. QFD als gids bij productcreaties (Customer-tailored products. QFD as a guide for product creation). Amsterdam/Meppel: Boom.
  • Stroeken, J.H.M. and Vries, M.J. (1995), 'Learning to Deal with Social Factors as a Goal in the Education of Engineers'. European Journal of Engineering Education, 20(4), 447-456.
  • Vries, M.J. de (1996), 'Technology Education beyond the 'Technology is Applied Science' Paradigm', Journal for Technology Education, Vol. 7, No. 2.
  • Vries, M.J. de and Stroeken, J.H.M. (1996), 'Developing engineering students' research and technology assessment abilities', International Journal of Technology and Design Education, Vol. 6(3).
  • Vries, M.J. de and Tamir, A. (1997), 'Shaping Concepts of Technology: What Concepts and How to Shape Them', in: Vries, M.J. de and Tamir. A. (eds.), Shaping Concepts of Technology: from Philosophical Perspectives to Mental Images. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publ., 3-10.
  • Vries, M.J. de (1997), 'Science, Technology and Society: A Methodological Perspective', in: Vries, M.J. de and Tamir. A. (eds.), Shaping Concepts of Technology: from Philosophical Perspectives to Mental Images. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publ., 21-32.
  • Vries, M.J. de (1997), 'Science and Technology Teacher Training: what kind of training for what type of teaching?', European Journal of Education, Vol. 32, No. 1, 59-73.
  • Faber, E.C.C., Stroeken, J.H.M. and Vries., M.J. (1997), 'The Missing Link: An Evaluation of the Monitor Studies in the Netherlands', Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, Vol. 9, No. 1, 85-96.
  • Vries, M.J. de (1997), 'Design Methodology in University STS Programs', Journal of Technology and Sustainability Studies, Vol. 23, No. 2, 50-52.
  • Vries, M.J. de (1998), 'Technische Allgemeinbildung: Themen und Rahmenbedingungen, in: Henseler, K., Höpken, G. und Reich, G. (Hrsg.), Technische Allgemeinbildung. Villingen-Schwenningen: Neckar-Verlag GmbH, 199-203.
  • Vries, M.J. de (1999), 'Transforming Inventions into Innovations as a Major Concern of the Philips Research Laboratories Management: A Historical Perspective' in: Inzelt, A. and Hilton, J. (eds.), Technology Transfer: from Invention to Innovation. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publ., pp.145-160.
  • Vries, M.J. de (2000), 'Technology Education: Towards a New School Subject', in: Moon, B., Brown, S. and Ben-Peretz (eds.), The Routledge International Companion to Education. London: Routledge, chapter 53.
  • Vries, M.J. de (2000), 'Industrial Research and Development Labs: How They Inform Science and Technology Curricula', The Journal of Technology and Sustainability Studies, Vol. XXVI, No. 1, 64-70.
  • Vries, M.J. de (2000), 'Concepts in Technology: Seeing the order in the Chaos', in: Martin, G.E. (ed.), Technology Education for the 21-st Century. Peoria, Il: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, 207-212.
  • Vries, M.J. de (2000), 'A Pre-Study for the Historiography of the Philips Research Laboratories', in: Lette, M. and Oris, M. (Eds.), Technology and Engineering. Proceedings of the XXth International Congress of the History of Science, Volume VII. Turnhout: Brepols Publishers, 95-106.
  • Vries, M.J. de Vries, M.J. de (2001) 80 Years of Research at the Philips Natuurkundig Laboratorium (1914-1994). The Role of the Nat.Lab. at Philips. Eindhoven: Foundation for the History of Technology.
  • Vries, M.J. de (2001), 'The History of Industrial Research Laboratories as a Resource for Teaching about Science-technology Relationships, Research in Science Education, Vol. 31, pp. 15-28.
  • Houkes, W., Vermaas, P.E., Dorst, K. and Vries, M.J. de (2002), 'Design and use as plans: an action-theoretical account', Design Studies, Vol. 23, pp. 303-320.
  • Vries, M.J. de (2002), 'Toward an Empirically Informed Epistemology of Technology', Techné, Vol.
  • Vries, M.J. de (2002), 'Techniek en ontwerpen in een postmoderne samenleving', in: Boersma, K., Stoep, J. van der, Verkerk, M. and Vlot, A. (Eds.), Aan Babels stromen. Een bevrijdend perspectief of ethiek en techniek. Amsterdam: Buijten & Schipperheijn, pp.179-191.
  • Vries, M.J. de (2003), ‘Toward an Empirically Informed Epistemology of Technology’, Techné, Vol. 6, No. 3, 1-21.
  • Broens, C.J.A.M. and Vries, M.J. de (2003), ‘Classifying technological knowledge for presentation to mechanical engineering designers’, Design Studies, Vol. 24, pp. 457-471.
  • Boersma, K. and Vries, M.J. de (2003), ‘De veranderende rol van het Natuurkundig Laboratorium in het Philipsconcern gedurende de periode 1914-1994, in: Blondé, B. et al. (eds.), NEHA-jaarboek 2003. Amsterdam: NEHA.
  • Vries, M.J. de (2005), Teaching About Technology. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Technology for Non-Philosophers. Dordrecht: Springer.
  • Vries, M.J. de (2005), 80 Years of Research at the Philips Natuurkundig Laboratorium 1914-1994. Amsterdam: Pallas Publications (Amsterdam University Press).
  • Vries, M.J. de (2006), 'Technological Knowledge and Artifacts: An Analytical View', in Dakers, J. (Ed.), Defining Technological Literacy. Towards an Epistemological Framework. New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 17-30.
  • Vries, M.J. de (2006), ‘Analyzing the Complexity of Nanotechnology’, in: Schummer, J. and Baird, D. (Eds.), Nanotechnology Challenges. Implications for Philosophy, Ethics and Society. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing, 165-178.
  • Vries, M.J. de (2006), “Ethics and the Complexity of Technology: A Design Approach”, Philosophia Reformata, Vol. 71, No. 2, 118-131.
  • Cusveller, B., Verkerk, M.J. and Vries, M.J. de (2007), De Matrix Code. Sciencefictionfilms als spiegel van de technologische cultuur. Amsterdam: Buijten & Schipperheijn.
  • Verkerk, M.J., Hoogland, J., Stoep, J. van der, and Vries, M.J. de (2007), Denken, ontwerpen, maken. Basisboek Techniekfilosofie. Amsterdam: Boom.
  • Vries, M.J. de (2007), ‘Philosophical reflections on the nature of science and technology’, in: Barlex, D. (Ed.), Design and Technology for the next generation. Whitchurch, UK: Cliffeco Communications, 20-33.
  • Vries, M.J. de (2008), 'Bringing together philosophy and psychology', in: Ginestié, J. (Ed.), The Cultural Transmission of Artefacts, Skills and Knowledge. Rotterdam/Taipei: Sense Publishers, 7-12.
  • Vries, M.J. de (2008), 'A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to Technoethics', in: Luppicini, R. and Adell, R. (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Technoethics. Hersey, NY: Information Science Reference (IGI Global), 20-31.
  • Meijers, A.W.M. and Vries, M.J. de (2009), 'Technological Knowledge', in: Berg Olson, J.K., Pedersen, S.A. and Hendricks, V.F. (Eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Technology. Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 70-74.
  • Vries, M.J. de (2008), "Gilbert Simondon and the Dual Nature of Technical Artifacts", Techné, Vol. 12, No. 1, 23-35.
  • Boersma, F.K. and Vries, M.J. de (2008), 'Transitions in industrial research: the case of the Philips Natuurkundig Laboratorium (1914-1994)'. Business History, Vol. 50, No. 4, 509-529.
  • Vries, M.J. de (2009), ‘Translating Customer Requirements into Technical Specifications’, in: Meijers, A.W.M. (Ed.), Handbook Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences. Amsterdam: North Holland (Elsevier), 489-512.
  • Vries, M.J. de (2010), ‘Engineering science as a “Discipline of the Particular”? Types of Generalization in Engineering Sciences. In: Poel, I. van de and Goldberg, D.E. (Ed.s), Philosophy and Engineering: An Emerging Agenda. Dordrecht: Springer, 83-94.
  • Vries, M.J. de (2010), ‘Structures for imperfect life: The development of ‘evil-proof’ Technologies. In: Jochemsen, H. and Stoep, J. van der (Eds.), Different Cultures, One World. Dialogue between Christians and Muslims about globalizing technology. Amsterdam: Rozenberg Publishers, 53-62.
  • Vries, M.J. de (2010), ‘Introducing Van Riessen’s work in the philosophy of technology’, Philosophia Reformata Vol. 75(1), 2-9.
  • Vries, M.J. de (2011), ‘Science in the Context of Industrial Application: The Case of the Philips Natuurkundig Laboratorium’, in: Carrier, M. and Nordmann, A. (Eds.), Science in the Context of Application. Dordrecht: Springer, p. 47-66.
  • Vries, M.J. de (2011), ‘Gilbert Simondon’, in: Ieven, B., Rooden, A. van, Schuilenburg, M. and Tuinen, S. van (Eds.), De nieuwe Franse filosofie. Amsterdam: Boom, 423-430.
  • Hansson, S.O., Meijers, A.W.M. and Vries, M.J. de (2013), ‘Introduction’, in: Vries,, Hansson, S.O. and Meijers, A.W.M. (Eds.), Norms in Technology. Dordrecht: Springer, 1-10.
  • Vries, M.J. de (2012), ‘Utopian thinking in contemporary technology versus responsible technology for an imperfect world’, Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith Vol. 64(1), 11-19.
  • Vries, M.J. de (2013), ‘Beliefs, Acceptances and Technological Knowledge’, in: Vries,, Hansson, S.O. and Meijers, A.W.M. (Eds.), Norms in Technology. Dordrecht: Springer, 55-66.  

Marc received the Special Recognition Award of the International Technology Education Association (ITEA), in1991 and the Laureate Citation Award of the International Honorary for Professions in Technology 'Epsilon Pi Tau', in 1998.

Most of Marc's teaching is in the field of philosophy of science for various programmes at the Eindhoven University of Technology (in particular for Architecture, building and city planning, and for the Technology and Society programme).

Personal data
Marc is married; he and his wife Désirée have four children.


Naam auteur: D.Droog
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