Andrea Ramirez-Ramirez

Professor of Low Carbon Systems and Technologies


Engineering Systems and Services


Energy and Industry

Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management
Building 31
Room: B3.080

Phone: +31 15 27 83716

Secretary: Laura de Groot

Secondary employment

Research interests

  • Ex-ante technology assessment
  • System analysis
  • Carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCS)
  • Biobased refineries
  • Sustainability assessment C.A. (Andrea) Ramirez Ramirez


Dr. Andrea Ramírez is Professor of Low Carbon Systems and Technologies at ESS. She holds a bachelor in Chemical Engineering (Colombia), a master in Human Ecology (Belgium) and a PhD in the field of energy efficiency (the Netherlands). She is one of the recipients of the Delft Technology Fellowship programme. Her research focuses on the evaluation of novel low carbon technologies and the design of methodologies and tools to assess their potential contribution to sustainable (energy and resource) systems.

Key publications

  • Schakel W., Oregionni G., Singh B., Stromman A., Ramirez A. (2016) Assessing the techno-environmental performance of CO2 utilization via dry reforming of methane for the production of dimethyl ether. Journal of CO2 utilization, 16-138-149
  • Fernández Dacosta  C., Posada J.,  Ramirez A. ( 2016) Techno-economic and life cycle assessment of methyl crotonate and methyl acrylate production from wastewater-based polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) . Journal of Cleaner Production 16, 138-149
  • Van Heester B., Ciroth A., Fontes J., Wood R., Ramirez A. (2016) Development of a methodological framework for exploring social life cycle impacts of novel technologies. International journal of Life Cycle Assessment 1-18
  • Moncada J., Posada J., Ramirez A., (2015). Early sustainability assessment for potential configurations of integrated biorefineries. Screening of bio-based derivatives from platform chemicals. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, 9, 722-748
  • Spek M., van der, Ramirez A., Faaij A., (2015). Improving process model uncertainty evaluation by using pedigree analysis. A case study on CO2 capture with Monoethanolamine. Computers and Chemical Engineering 85, 1-15
  • Hertwich E., Gibon T., Bouman E.A., Arvesen A., Suh S., Heath G., Bergesen J., Ramirez A., Vega Coloma M., Shi L., (2015). Integrated life cycle assessment of electricity supply scenarios confirms environmental benefit of low-carbon technologies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112 (20), p 6277-6282
  • Knoope M.M.J., Ramirez A., Faaij A., (2015). The influence of uncertainty in the development of a CO2 infrastructure network. Applied Energy 158, 6812, p 332-347
  • Schakel W., Pfister S., Ramirez A., (2015). Exploring the Potential impact of Implementing Carbon Capture Technologies in Fossil Fuel Power Plants on Regional European Water Stress Index Levels.  International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 39, p 318-328

Full publication list

Other activities

  • Associate Editor International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control (Elsevier)
  • Jury of the NRG COSIA Carbon Xprize (see: This is a 20 million dollar global competition to develop breakthrough technologies that convert CO₂ emissions from power plants and industrial facilities into valuable products like building materials, alternative fuels and other items that we use every day.


  • Ramirez A., (2015). The PROSUITE social life cycle assessment framework. Chapter 8. In: Murray J., McBain D., and Wiedmann T., (Eds). The Sustainability Practitioner's Guide to Social Analysis and Assessment. Publisher: Common Ground, Champaign, Illinois, USA
  • Benson S.M., Cook P., Davison J., Coninck H. de, Farhat K., Ramirez A., Simbeck D., Surles T., Verma P., and Wright I., (2012). Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage. In: Global Energy Assessment: Toward a Sustainable Future. L. Gomez-Echeverri, T.B. Johansson, N. Nakicenovic, A. Patwardhan, (eds.), IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria and Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA
  • Ramirez A., Patel M., Blok K. (2011). Using physical indicators to monitor energy efficiency development in non-energy intensive sectors. In: Florax R, de Groot H (eds). Improving energy efficiency through technology: trends, investment behavior and policy design. Chapter 4. Edward Elgar Publishing, 352 pp
  • Ramirez A., Blok K., Patel M. (2011). Monitoring energy use and energy efficiency in the Dutch service sector. Chapter 5, In: Florax R, de Groot H (eds). Improving energy efficiency through technology: trends, investment behavior and policy design. Chapter 5. Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Koornneef J., Harmelen T., van, Horssen A., van., Ramirez A., (2011). Carbon dioxide capture and air quality. In: Mazzeo N., (ed). Chemistry, Emission Control, Radioactive Pollution and Indoor Air Quality, In Tech. ISBN: 978-953-307-316-3, InTech, Available from:
  • Patel M., Weiss M., Simon T., Ramirez A (2010).The chemical sector. Published in: Junginger M., van Sark W., Faaij A., Technological learning the energy sector. Lessons for policy, industry and science. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham UK, 2010, 233-247
  • Ramirez C.A., (2002). Peace, security and sustainable development in Africa. In: Regional sustainable development reviews: Africa, edited by dr. Emmanuel Boon. Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), Developed under the Auspices of the UNESCO, Eolss Publishers, Oxford, UK
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